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Found 690 Results

Tolerance to the Memory Disruptive Effects of Cannabinoids Involves Adaptation by Hippocampal Neurons

The effects of chronic exposure to cannabinoids on short-term memory in rats were assessed during repeated daily injections of an initially debilitating dose (3.75 mg/kg) of the potent CB1 cannabinoid receptor ligand, WIN 55,212-2. Delayed nonmatch to sample (DNMS) performance was assessed over a 35-day exposure period in which performance was initially disrupted during the […]

Tissue Engineering of Cartilage; Can Cannabinoids Help?

This review discusses the role of the cannabinoid system in cartilage tissue and endeavors to establish if targeting the cannabinoid system has potential in mesenchymal stem cell based tissue-engineered cartilage repair strategies. The review discusses the potential of cannabinoids to protect against the degradation of cartilage in inflamed arthritic joints and the influence of cannabinoids […]

Therapeutical use of the cannabinoids in psychiatry

Objective: To review the main advances related to the potential therapeutic use of cannabinoid compounds in psychiatry. Method: A search was performed in the online databases PubMed, ScieELO, and Lilacs for studies and literature reviews concerning therapeutic applications of cannabinoids in psychiatry, especially cannabidiol, rimonabant, ∆9 -tetrahydrocannabinol, and their analogues. Results: Cannabidiol was found to […]

Therapeutic Potential of Non-Psychotropic Cannabidiol in Ischemic Stroke

Cannabis contains the psychoactive component delta9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9 -THC), and the non-psychoactive components cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol, and cannabigerol. It is well-known that delta9 -THC and other cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonists are neuroprotective during global and focal ischemic injury. Additionally, delta9 -THC also mediates psychological effects through the activation of the CB1 receptor in the central […]

Therapeutic Potential of Cannabinoids in CNS Disease

The major psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa, ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (∆9-THC), and endogenous cannabinoid ligands, such as anandamide, signal through G-protein–coupled cannabinoid receptors localised to regions of the brain associated with important neurological processes. Signalling is mostly inhibitory and suggests a role for cannabinoids as therapeutic agents in CNS disease where inhibition of neurotransmitter release would be […]

Therapeutic potential of cannabidiol against ischemia/reperfusion liver injury in rats

The therapeutic potential of cannabidiol, the major non-psychotropic Cannabis constituent, was investigated in rats exposed to ischemia/reperfusion liver injury. Ischemia was induced by clamping the pedicle of the left hepatic lobe for 30 min, and cannabidiol (5 mg/kg, i.v.) was given 1 h following the procedure and every 24 h thereafter for 2 days. Ischemia/reperfusion […]

Therapeutic Benefits of Cannabis: A Patient Survey

Clinical research regarding the therapeutic benefits of cannabis (“marijuana”) has been almost non-existent in the United States since cannabis was given Schedule I status in the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. In order to discover the benefits and adverse effects perceived by medical cannabis patients, especially with regards to chronic pain, we hand-delivered surveys to […]

Therapeutic aspects of cannabis and cannabinoids.

BACKGROUND: Review commissioned in 1996 by the Department of Health (DOH). AIMS: Assess therapeutic profile of cannabis and cannabinoids. METHOD: Medline search, references supplied by DOH and others, and personal communications. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Cannabis and some cannabinoids are effective anti-emetics and analgesics and reduce intra-ocular pressure. There is evidence of symptom relief and improved […]

Therapeutic Action of Cannabinoids in a Murine Model of Multiple Sclerosis

Theiler’s virus infection of the CNS induces an immune-mediated demyelinating disease in susceptible mouse strains and serves as a relevant infection model for human multiple sclerosis (MS). Cannabinoids may act as immunosuppressive compounds that have shown therapeutic potential in chronic inflammatory disorders. Using the Theiler’s murine encephalomyelitis virus model, we report here that treatment with […]

The use of cannabinoids as anticancer agents

It is well-established that cannabinoids exert palliative effects on some cancer-associated symptoms. In addition evidences obtained during the last fifteen years support that these compounds can reduce tumor growth in animal models of cancer. Cannabinoids have been shown to activate an ER-stress related pathway that leads to the stimulation of autophagy-mediated cancer cell death. In […]