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Found 690 Results

Treat et al. (2017). Duration of use of oral cannabis extract in a cohort of pediatric epilepsy patients

Objective: Oral cannabis extracts (OCEs) are being used in the treatment of epilepsy with increasing rates in the United States following product legalization; however, no studies demonstrate clear efficacy. We evaluated the duration of use of OCEs as a measure of perceived benefit in a cohort of patients with pediatric epilepsy. Methods: Retrospective chart review […]

The therapeutic potential of novel cannabinoid receptors

Cannabinoids produce a plethora of biological effects, including the modulation of neuronal activity through the activation of CB1 receptors and of immune responses through the activation of CB2 receptors. The selective targeting of either of these two receptor subtypes has clear therapeutic value. Recent evidence indicates that some of the cannabinomimetic effects previously thought to […]

The Therapeutic Potential of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

Background: Cannabis-based medications have been a topic of intense study since the endogenous cannabinoid system was discovered two decades ago. In 2011, for the first time, a cannabis extract was approved for clinical use in Germany. Methods: Selective literature review Results: Cannabis-based medications exert their effects mainly through the activation of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and […]

The stress-regulated protein p8 mediates cannabinoid-induced apoptosis of tumor cells

One of the most exciting areas of current research in the cannabinoid field is the study of the potential application of these compounds as antitumoral drugs. Here, we describe the signaling pathway that mediates cannabinoid-induced apoptosis of tumor cells. By using a wide array of experimental approaches, we identify the stress-regulated protein p8 (also designated […]

The serine hydrolases MAGL, ABHD6 and ABHD12 as guardians of 2-arachidonoylglycerol signalling through cannabinoid receptors

The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is a lipid mediator involved in various physiological processes. In response to neural activity, 2-AG is synthesized post-synaptically, then activates pre-synaptic cannabinoid CB1 receptors (CB1Rs) in a retrograde manner, resulting in transient and longlasting reduction of neurotransmitter release. The signalling competence of 2-AG is tightly regulated by the balanced action between […]

The Role of Type 2 Cannabinoid Receptor in Bone Metabolism

Cannabinoid receptors play an important role in regulating bone mass and bone turnover. Studies in our laboratories have shown that young mice lacking type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CNR1-/-) had increased bone mass and were resistant to ovariectomy-induced bone loss. Other workers have reported that type 2 cannabinoid receptor knockout mice (CNR2-/-) develop age-related osteoporosis. The […]

The role of the endocannabinoid system in eating disorders: pharmacological implications

The endocannabinoid (eCB) system is a widespread intercellular signalling mechanism that plays a critical role in body homoeostasis. It is located in key points involved in food intake and energy expenditure, coordinating all the players involved in energy balance. As such, it has come to be seen as an interesting target for the management of […]

The role of endogenous cannabinoids in the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis regulation: in vivo and in vitro studies in CB1 receptor knockout mice

Exogenous cannabinoids affect multiple hormonal systems including the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. These data suggest that endogenous cannabinoids are also involved in the HPA control; however, the mechanisms underlying this control are poorly understood. We assessed the role of endogenous cannabinoids in the regulation of the HPA-axis by studying CB1 receptor knockout (KO) and wild type […]

The Role of Endocannabinoid Signaling in the Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by cognitive impairment and mental disorders. The actual cause and cascade of events in the progression of this pathology is not fully determined. AD is multifaceted in nature and is linked to different multiple mechanisms in the brain. This aspect is related […]

The role of cannabinoids in prostate cancer: Basic science perspective and potential clinical applications

Prostate cancer is a global public health problem, and it is the most common cancer in American men and the second cause for cancer­related death. Experimental evidence shows that prostate tissue possesses cannabinoid receptors and their stimulation results in anti­androgenic effects. To review currently relevant findings related to effects of cannabinoid receptors in prostate cancer. […]